Crude Oil: Energy Source Fact File!
We’ve just got back from Westfield, Stratford where British Gas hosted the finals of their exciting new Generation Green Energy Performance competition where schools competed to win an Energy Makeover, worth up to £150,000!
Six school classes were then chosen to dance on a special dance floor, made of tiles that converted their footsteps into electrical power!
Oh, and they got to dance with Jordan and Perri from Diversity!
To help you get thinking about energy, we’ve got some great pages all about it! Here’s the need-to-know stuff about the energy source, crude oil!
Crude oil is a dark liquid. It is found in reservoirs deep under the ground.
How was it formed?
Millions of years ago the world’s oceans were filled with plants and plankton. When these died they fell to the bottom of the seas. Over millions of years, these remains were buried under layers of sand and mud. Heat and pressure turned the remains into oil and natural gas.
Where do you find crude oil?
Oil reserves can be found all over the world, including the North Sea, Saudi Arabia, Russia, the United States, Iran, Iraq and China.
How is it made into electricity?
The oil is burned to heat water and produce steam. This steam propels the blades of a turbine. This isattached to a generator, which produces electricity.
What are the advantages of using crude oil?
- Oil can easily be transported by a network of pipelines.
- Oil-fired power stations can, in theory, be built anywhere.
What are the disadvantages of using crude oil?
- Oil is a non-renewable source of energy. This means that one day we could run out of crude oil.
- Burning oil produces carbon dioxide gas. This is a greenhouse gas that contributes towards global warming.
- Burning oil can pollute the air.
- Much of our oil has to be imported and it is becoming more and more expensive as reserves reduce and imports increase.
- Producing electricity from crude oil is expensive compared to other fossil fuels such as coal or gas.
Competition is now closed.
Click on another Energy Source below to keep on exploring!