Quickfire Guide to Poland

Polish facts!

So right now our Fun Kids explorer John Iflyalot is on an adventure across Europe. He’s finding out all the interesting things about Poland’s history, culture and people.

There’s loads more fun pages in this section looking at certain parts of Poland in detail, but right here is John Iflyalot’s quickfire guide to Poland!


The north of Poland, stretching to the Baltic Sea, consists almost entirely of lowlands, while the Carpathian Mountains (including the Tatra range) form the southern border. The Masuria region forms the largest and most-visited lake district in Poland.

RA006177The Polish state is over 1 000 years old. In the 16th century Poland was one of the most powerful countries in Europe. With victory at the Battle of Vienna in 1683, King Jan III Sobieski of Poland was able to break the Ottoman siege of Vienna and end the threat of a possible occupation of western Europe.

Poland is rich in natural mineral resources, including iron, zinc, copper and rock salt. The Wieliczka salt mine, constructed in the 13th century, contains an entire town below ground with a sanatorium, theatre, church and café! Everything from stairs to chandeliers is made from salt.

2photo_lg_polandPoland’s current constitution dates from 1997. The President is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The 460 members of the lower house of parliament (the Sejm) and the 100 members of the senate, are directly elected by a system of proportional representation to serve four-year terms.

Famous people:
Nicolaus Copernicus – astronomer
Fryderik Chopin – the composer
Maria Curie-Skłodowska – scientist
Roman Polański – film-maker
Krzysztof Kieślowski – film-maker
Pope John-Paul II

Poland’s traditional dishes include beetroot soup, cabbage rolls (cabbage leaves stuffed with meat and rice) and pierogi (dumplings stuffed with cabbage and mushrooms, for example).


  • Political system: Republic
  • Capital city: Warsaw
  • Language: Polish
  • National day: 11 November- regaining independence from Austria and Germany (1918)
  • Total area: 312 679 km²
  • Population: 38.1 million
  • Currency: złoty

How to say Hello:
Dzień dobry (PRON: Jeyn Dob-ry)



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Where in the World? Poland! with support from the Polish Cultural Institute in London

To find out more visit www.polishculture.org.uk