Hungary is a landlocked state with many neighbours – Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria. It is mostly flat, with low mountains in the north.
Lake Balaton, a popular tourist centre, is the largest lake in central Europe.
The ancestors of ethnic Hungarians were the Magyar tribes, who moved into the Carpathian Basin in 896. Hungary became a Christian kingdom under St Stephen in the year 1000.
The Hungarian language is unlike any of the country’s neighbouring languages and is only distantly related to Finnish and Estonian.
The capital city, Budapest, was originally was two separate cities: Buda and Pest. It straddles the River Danube, is rich in history and culture and famed for its curative springs. Hungary has a single-chamber parliament or national assembly whose 386 members are elected by voters every four years.
Hungary has some limited natural resources (bauxite, coal, and natural gas), as well as fertile soils and arable land. Hungarian wines are enjoyed throughout Europe. The country‘s main manufactured exports include electric and electronic equipment, machinery, foodstuffs and chemicals.
Hungary is a highly musical country whose traditional folk music inspired such great national composers as Liszt, Bartók and Kodály.
Albert Albert Szent-Györgyi – who discovered Vitamin C
Imre Kertész – writer and Nobel Prizewinner
István Szabó – Oscar-winning film director
Ferenc Puskas – One of the greatest footballers of all time
- Political system: Republic
- Capital city: Budapest
- Language: Hungarian
- National day: 20 August – Feast of St Stephen n(founder of the state)
- Total area: 93 000 km²
- Population: 10.1 million
- Currency: forint
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