Located in the heart of the Balkans, Bulgaria offers a highly diverse landscape: the north is dominated by the vast lowlands of the Danube and the south by the highlands and elevated plains. In the east, the Black Sea coast attracts tourists all year round.
Founded in 681, Bulgaria is one of the oldest states in Europe. Its history is marked by its location near Europe’s frontier with Asia.
Some 85% of the population are Orthodox Christians and 13% Muslims. Around 10% of the population are of Turkish origin while 3% are Roma. Similarly, its traditional dishes are a mixture of east and west. The most famous Bulgarian food must be yoghurt, with its reputed gift of longevity for those who consume it regularly.
The Bulgarian National Assembly (a single chamber parliament) consists of 240 members who are elected for a four-year period.
Bulgaria’s main exports are light industrial products, foods and wines, which are successfully competing on European markets.
Fans of folk music will be familiar with a number of Bulgarian musicians. A Bulgarian folk song was included on the Voyager Golden Record which was sent into outer space by NASA.
Julia Kristeva – philosopher
Elias Canetti – Nobel Prize winner for literature in 1981
Christo Javachev (“Christo”) – the creator of many unorthodox outdoor sculptures
- Political system: Republic
- Capital city: Sofia
- Language: Bulgarian
- National day: 3 March – anniversary of liberation from the Ottoman Empire (1878)
- Total area: 111 910 km²
- Population: 7.6 million
- Currency: lev
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